If the seasons change due to a warming global climate, wildlife, humans and the environment will be greatly impacted. In a warmer winter, there is more risk of pests like mosquitoes, surviving causing the spring population numbers to be much higher than normal. In spring and summer, there can be many pollination issues as birds, insects and plants may develop out of synchrony so the plants are at the incorrect stage for the animals that depend on them. Animals take more time to adjust to changing climates and this could mean that animals miss out on food as they may arrive too late (See story 3.7
). Also, summers will become hotter meaning that droughts, forest fires and heat waves will become more common. However, there is a way to stop the seasons changing so drastically. We can try to combat climate change by emitting less greenhouse gas emissions and protecting wildlife, ecosystems and nature.
If we need yet another incentive to be kinder to our planet, this one will work with many people – if we don't keep global warming below two degrees, we won't have chocolate! Cacao is harvested in hot and humid areas such as South America and West Africa and the plant is highly susceptible to the effects of climate change. Increasing temperatures and declining humidity cause soils and the plants to become dry. This will be a challenging environment for cacao to thrive in, which could cause the amount of chocolate we have access to now, to decline.